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Peter Jackson

Titles: Never a champion
   
Record: 23-3-5 with 36 no decisions

Born: July 13, 1861 in St. Croix, West Indies   

Years active: 1883-1899
 
Nickname: The Black Prince


Peter Jackson was the one man the legendary John L. Sullivan absolutely
refused to fight. The excuse was that Jackson was a black man, some thought
Sullivan (who did fight other black men) refused to fight Jackson because
of the skill of Jackson however. At 6 foot 2 inches tall and scaling between 
195 and 210 pounds Jackson was a formidable foe in those days. Jackson is 
considered one of the greatest boxers who ever fought in the heavyweight 
division, Jackson was what we describe today as a boxer-puncher. Jackson 
moved well behind his strong jab and was always in fighting shape in his 
prime. Jackson a black man still traveled extensively and engaged in many 
fights trying to secure a heavyweight championship fight against the popular 
John L. Sullivan. Some historians still rate Jackson over Sullivan when it 
comes to ranking the greatest fighter of that time period. Peter Jackson was 
born in St. Croix, British West Indies but at a the age of 6 his father a 
poor fisherman in search of better waters moved the family and Australia. 
When his father left to return to St. Croix he left his 12 year old son 
behind. As a boy Jackson loved to swim and he was a championship swimmer 
at the Sydney's Port Jackson Swimming Club, no doubt helping to build his 
enormous stamina in future boxing matches. In 1879 he met Larry Foley 
Australia's foremost boxing instructor who also handled Young Griffo and 
the man who would guide him in boxing. Jackson learned quickly and had a
ravenous desire to win. Jackson's early record is a bit obscure but a man
named Bill Farnan did manage to knock out and hold a young and still 
learning Jackson to a draw. Still within 3 years Jackson had won the
Australian heavyweight title from Tom Lees, when he stopped him in the 
30th round. His most bitter rival in those early years was Frank Slavin
who was the British Commonwealth heavyweight champion. Both men courted
the same woman, Josephine Leon which only intensified their rivalry and
matured a true hatred in both men for another. The record showed that they
only boxed each other once but they sparred each other often in the early
days before their falling out. Also there was a bar brawl between the two 
in Sydney that made the papers. Jackson ventured to America in the Spring 
of 1888 in search of a fight with John L. Sullivan and won his first 9 
bouts in the USA, most of them inside the distance. His first fight in 
America was against George Godfrey the "Black Heavyweight champion" and 
Jackson totally outclassed the very good Godfrey. In the 19th round of a 
one sided fight Jackson landed a punch under the heart of Godfrey which 
knocked him out. Because of the good show Jackson was named the boxing 
instructor for the California Athletic Club. The next good victory for 
Jackson came when he soundly defeated Joe McAuliffe in 24 largely one 
sided rounds and then went on to defeat Patsy Cardiff. Again he challenged 
Sullivan and was denied a fight via telegram. There was a white man who 
did take the challenge of Jackson however, his name was Jim Corbett. The 
fight was by all accounts a war and the toughest that either was to have 
fought in their careers. The fight lasted 61 rounds (over 3 hours) and 
at the end it was declared a draw.....no one complained at the outcome
however because of the quality of the bout. In his autobiography Corbett 
who defeated John L. Sullivan wrote of Jackson "He is the greatest fighter 
I have ever seen". Jackson was now a 30 year old man, still Sullivan would 
not fight him so Jackson fought on and he would now get a chance to 
officially fight Frank Slavin. Before his bout with Slavin Jackson defeated 
Jem Smith in 2 rounds to win the British Empire title. The fight with 
Slavin was held in London and it was a classic. Slavin came out the 
aggressor and took the first round. By the fourth round however Slavin
was a pathetic looking man who had received a thrashing. Jackson was 
simply too fast and stepped aside of the onrushing Slavin and countered 
with a stinging two fisted attack. To his Credit Slavin refused to let 
his manager throw in the towel in the 9th round. In the 10th round even 
the hatred in Jackson had gone at the sight of the bloody mess in front 
of him and he asked the referee to stop the fight. When the referee did 
not stop the fight Jackson landed 5 straight blows to the head of Slavin 
and his opponent fell and did not get up before the count. This fight 
also marked the end of Jackson as a force in the heavyweight division as 
he knew a fight with Sullivan was not going to happen. Jackson only fought
twice more in the next 6 years touring in America with a theater company 
before he faced the hulking Jim Jefferies. Jackson age 37 was now a shell 
of his former self and was out of shape and rusty. Jefferies overpowered 
the aging Jackson to win by a 6th round TKO. After this fight Jackson
tried to open a boxing Salon in London but it failed. Then Jackson was 
diagnosed with Tuberculosis (then a incurable disease) and began to drink 
himself to the bottom. Jackson became homesick for Australia and a 
generous fan who saw him get knocked out in four rounds in Vancouver
Canada, gave him the money to return to Australia. Once back in Australia
Jackson wrecked by Alcohol and tuberculosis still managed to cough and 
fight his way to a 25 round draw. At the end of the fight no one cheered, 
all the men remembered a muscle bound Jackson not the flabby man that
now stood before them. It was a sad day in Sydney. At the age of 40 
Jackson died of tuberculosis and he was buried in Toowong cemetery just
outside of Brisbane Australia. On one side of his headstone a inscription
reads "This was a man." Frank Slavin his bitter rival was at the funeral, 
crying uncontrollably.


Peter Jackson

Career Record: 23 W, 3 L, 5 D, 36 ND (17 K.O's)


1882

       Jack Hayes                 Sydney, NSW, Aus                D  5
       Jack Hayes                 Sydney, NSW, Aus                KO 7
       Dubbo                      in Australia                    W  ?
       Sam Britten                Sydney, NSW, Aus                KO ?  
       
1884

Jan 28 George Cave                Sydney, NSW, Aus                KO 1
Jan 28 Tom Lees                   Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND 6
Jan 31 Tom Lees                   Sydney, NSW, Aus                W  4
Feb  2 Tom Lees                   Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND
Jun 25 Mick Dooley                Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND   
Jul 26 Bill Farnan                Melbourne, Vic, Aus             KOby 3
Sep 23 Bill Farnan                Sydney, NSW, Aus                 D 6
May  1 Larry Foley                Sydney, NSW, Aus                 L 2
May  2 Professor William Miller   Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND 4

1886

Mar 27 Mick Dooley                Sydney, NSW, Aus                KO 3
Apr  3 Bob Berbs                  Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND 4
May 22 Pablo Frangues             Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND 4
Jul 12 Tom Taylor                 Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND 3
Jul 17 Dan Hickey                 Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND 4
Aug  7 Riley                      Sydney, NSW, Aus                 W 3
Aug 15 Hugh Healey                Newcastle, NSW, Aus             ND 4
Sep 25 Tom Lees                   Sydney, NSW, Aus                KO 30
Oct  2 Jack Malloy                Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND 4
Oct  9 Steve O'Donnell            Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND 4
Nov 20 Pat Kieley                 Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND 4

1887

Feb 15 Pat Kieley                 Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND 4
Apr  6 Pat Kieley                 Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND 4
Apr 25 Mick O'Brien               Sydney, NSW, Aus                KO 1
Jun  4 Jim Nolan                  Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND   
Jun 11 the "Amateur"              Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND 4
Jun 25 Jim Nolan                  Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND 4
Jul  9 Dan Hickey                 Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND 4
Jul 16 Steve O'Donnell            Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND  
Aug  6 Tom Taylor                 Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND 4
Sep 24 Jim Nolan                  Sydney, NSW, Aus                KO 1
Oct  1 Steve O'Donnell            Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND 3
Oct 22 Steve O'Donnell            Sydney, NSW, Aus                 W 3
Nov 26 Stonewall Jack             Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND 2
Dec 24 Mick Dooley                Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND 2
  
1888

Jan 14 Martin "Buffalo" Costello  Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND 4
Jan 26 Mick Dooley                Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND 4
Feb  4 Mick Dooley                Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND 4
Feb 11 Tom Taylor                 Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND 4
Mar 17 Mick Dooley                Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND 3
Apr 17 Larry Foley                Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND
Jun 20 M.J. Sullivan              San Francisco, Ca               KO 2
Aug 24 George Godfrey             San Francisco, Ca               TKO 19
Dec 27 Joe McAuliffe              San Francisco, Ca               KO 24

1889
  
Apr 26 Patsy Cardiff              San Francisco, Ca               TKO 10
May  1 Shorty Kincaid             Virginia City, Nv               TKO 2
Jul 11 "Sailor" Charles Brown     Chicago, Il                     TKO 4
Jul 25 George Peters              Detroit, Mi                     TKO 3
Jul 29 Billy Baker                Buffalo, NY                      W 4
Jul 30 Tom Lynch                  Buffalo, NY                     W D.Q 2
Aug  5 Paddy Brennan              Buffalo, NY                     TKO 1
Aug  8 Billy Baker                Hoboken, NJ                      W 4
Aug  9 James "Ginger" McCormick   Hoboken, NJ                     KO 2
Aug 19 Jack Fallon                New York, NY                    TKO 2
Oct  7 Jack Partridge             Westminster, Eng                KO 3
Oct 14 Jem Young                  Westminster, Eng                 W 4
Oct 15 Alf Mitchell               Westminster, Eng                 W 4
Oct 15 Alf Ball                   Westminster, Eng                TKO 2
Nov 11 Jem Smith                  London, Eng                     W D.Q 2
Nov 21 Horace Horrigan            Westminster, Eng                TKO 2
Nov 23 Charles Burgin             Westminster, Eng                 W 4
Nov 27 Skinner                    Plymouth, Eng                   W D.Q 2
Nov 29 Sailor White               Portsmouth, Eng                 TKO 3
Nov 29 Wolf Bendoff               Portsmouth, Eng                 TKO 2
Dec  2 Scotchy Gunn               Brighton, Eng                    W 4
Dec  2 W. Woodhams                Brighton, Eng                   TKO 3
Dec 24 Peter Maher                Dublin, Ire                     KO 2

1890

Feb 20 "Soldier" James Walker     Washington, DC                  KO 1
Mar  4 Jack Fallon                Brooklyn, NY                    KO 2
Mar  5 Gus Lambert                Troy, NY                        ND 4
Apr    Dick Keating               Louisville, Ky                  KO 1
May 19 "Denver" Ed Smith          Chicago, Il                     TKO 5
Jul 23 Tom Johnson                Marysville, Ca                  TKO 4
Aug 30 Mick Dooley                Newcastle, NSW, Aus             ND 4
Sep  2 Mick Dooley                Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND 4
Sep  6 Jack Burke                 Wagga Wagga, NSW, Aus           ND 4
Sep  8 Martin "Buffalo" Costello  Melbourne, Vic, Aus             ND 4
Sep  9 Martin "Buffalo" Costello  Melbourne, Vic, Aus             ND 4
Oct 20 Joe Goddard                Melbourne, Vic, Aus              D 8
Nov 19 Mick Dooley                Sydney, NSW, Aus                ND 4

1891

May 21 Jim Corbett                San Francisco, Ca                D 61

1892

Jan 12 "Captain" James Dalton     Chicago, Il                     KO 3
Jan 12 Jack King                  Chicago, Il                     TKO 2
Feb 17 Joe Butler                 Philadelphia, Pa                 W 3
May 30 Frank "Paddy" Slavin       London, Eng                     KO 10
Nov 28 Denny Kelliher             Philadelphia, Pa                 W 4

1895

May 29 Gus Wilkie                 Baltimore, Md                   ND 6

1898

Mar 22 Jim Jeffries               San Francisco, Ca               TKOby 3

1899

Aug 24 Jim Jeffords               Vancouver, BC, Can              KOby 4
Dec  2 Billy Warren               Melbourne, Vic, Aus              D 25