Titles: Never a champion Record: 23-3-5 with 36 no decisions Born: July 13, 1861 in St. Croix, West Indies Years active: 1883-1899 Nickname: The Black Prince Peter Jackson was the one man the legendary John L. Sullivan absolutely refused to fight. The excuse was that Jackson was a black man, some thought Sullivan (who did fight other black men) refused to fight Jackson because of the skill of Jackson however. At 6 foot 2 inches tall and scaling between 195 and 210 pounds Jackson was a formidable foe in those days. Jackson is considered one of the greatest boxers who ever fought in the heavyweight division, Jackson was what we describe today as a boxer-puncher. Jackson moved well behind his strong jab and was always in fighting shape in his prime. Jackson a black man still traveled extensively and engaged in many fights trying to secure a heavyweight championship fight against the popular John L. Sullivan. Some historians still rate Jackson over Sullivan when it comes to ranking the greatest fighter of that time period. Peter Jackson was born in St. Croix, British West Indies but at a the age of 6 his father a poor fisherman in search of better waters moved the family and Australia. When his father left to return to St. Croix he left his 12 year old son behind. As a boy Jackson loved to swim and he was a championship swimmer at the Sydney's Port Jackson Swimming Club, no doubt helping to build his enormous stamina in future boxing matches. In 1879 he met Larry Foley Australia's foremost boxing instructor who also handled Young Griffo and the man who would guide him in boxing. Jackson learned quickly and had a ravenous desire to win. Jackson's early record is a bit obscure but a man named Bill Farnan did manage to knock out and hold a young and still learning Jackson to a draw. Still within 3 years Jackson had won the Australian heavyweight title from Tom Lees, when he stopped him in the 30th round. His most bitter rival in those early years was Frank Slavin who was the British Commonwealth heavyweight champion. Both men courted the same woman, Josephine Leon which only intensified their rivalry and matured a true hatred in both men for another. The record showed that they only boxed each other once but they sparred each other often in the early days before their falling out. Also there was a bar brawl between the two in Sydney that made the papers. Jackson ventured to America in the Spring of 1888 in search of a fight with John L. Sullivan and won his first 9 bouts in the USA, most of them inside the distance. His first fight in America was against George Godfrey the "Black Heavyweight champion" and Jackson totally outclassed the very good Godfrey. In the 19th round of a one sided fight Jackson landed a punch under the heart of Godfrey which knocked him out. Because of the good show Jackson was named the boxing instructor for the California Athletic Club. The next good victory for Jackson came when he soundly defeated Joe McAuliffe in 24 largely one sided rounds and then went on to defeat Patsy Cardiff. Again he challenged Sullivan and was denied a fight via telegram. There was a white man who did take the challenge of Jackson however, his name was Jim Corbett. The fight was by all accounts a war and the toughest that either was to have fought in their careers. The fight lasted 61 rounds (over 3 hours) and at the end it was declared a draw.....no one complained at the outcome however because of the quality of the bout. In his autobiography Corbett who defeated John L. Sullivan wrote of Jackson "He is the greatest fighter I have ever seen". Jackson was now a 30 year old man, still Sullivan would not fight him so Jackson fought on and he would now get a chance to officially fight Frank Slavin. Before his bout with Slavin Jackson defeated Jem Smith in 2 rounds to win the British Empire title. The fight with Slavin was held in London and it was a classic. Slavin came out the aggressor and took the first round. By the fourth round however Slavin was a pathetic looking man who had received a thrashing. Jackson was simply too fast and stepped aside of the onrushing Slavin and countered with a stinging two fisted attack. To his Credit Slavin refused to let his manager throw in the towel in the 9th round. In the 10th round even the hatred in Jackson had gone at the sight of the bloody mess in front of him and he asked the referee to stop the fight. When the referee did not stop the fight Jackson landed 5 straight blows to the head of Slavin and his opponent fell and did not get up before the count. This fight also marked the end of Jackson as a force in the heavyweight division as he knew a fight with Sullivan was not going to happen. Jackson only fought twice more in the next 6 years touring in America with a theater company before he faced the hulking Jim Jefferies. Jackson age 37 was now a shell of his former self and was out of shape and rusty. Jefferies overpowered the aging Jackson to win by a 6th round TKO. After this fight Jackson tried to open a boxing Salon in London but it failed. Then Jackson was diagnosed with Tuberculosis (then a incurable disease) and began to drink himself to the bottom. Jackson became homesick for Australia and a generous fan who saw him get knocked out in four rounds in Vancouver Canada, gave him the money to return to Australia. Once back in Australia Jackson wrecked by Alcohol and tuberculosis still managed to cough and fight his way to a 25 round draw. At the end of the fight no one cheered, all the men remembered a muscle bound Jackson not the flabby man that now stood before them. It was a sad day in Sydney. At the age of 40 Jackson died of tuberculosis and he was buried in Toowong cemetery just outside of Brisbane Australia. On one side of his headstone a inscription reads "This was a man." Frank Slavin his bitter rival was at the funeral, crying uncontrollably.
1882 Jack Hayes Sydney, NSW, Aus D 5 Jack Hayes Sydney, NSW, Aus KO 7 Dubbo in Australia W ? Sam Britten Sydney, NSW, Aus KO ? 1884 Jan 28 George Cave Sydney, NSW, Aus KO 1 Jan 28 Tom Lees Sydney, NSW, Aus ND 6 Jan 31 Tom Lees Sydney, NSW, Aus W 4 Feb 2 Tom Lees Sydney, NSW, Aus ND Jun 25 Mick Dooley Sydney, NSW, Aus ND Jul 26 Bill Farnan Melbourne, Vic, Aus KOby 3 Sep 23 Bill Farnan Sydney, NSW, Aus D 6 May 1 Larry Foley Sydney, NSW, Aus L 2 May 2 Professor William Miller Sydney, NSW, Aus ND 4 1886 Mar 27 Mick Dooley Sydney, NSW, Aus KO 3 Apr 3 Bob Berbs Sydney, NSW, Aus ND 4 May 22 Pablo Frangues Sydney, NSW, Aus ND 4 Jul 12 Tom Taylor Sydney, NSW, Aus ND 3 Jul 17 Dan Hickey Sydney, NSW, Aus ND 4 Aug 7 Riley Sydney, NSW, Aus W 3 Aug 15 Hugh Healey Newcastle, NSW, Aus ND 4 Sep 25 Tom Lees Sydney, NSW, Aus KO 30 Oct 2 Jack Malloy Sydney, NSW, Aus ND 4 Oct 9 Steve O'Donnell Sydney, NSW, Aus ND 4 Nov 20 Pat Kieley Sydney, NSW, Aus ND 4 1887 Feb 15 Pat Kieley Sydney, NSW, Aus ND 4 Apr 6 Pat Kieley Sydney, NSW, Aus ND 4 Apr 25 Mick O'Brien Sydney, NSW, Aus KO 1 Jun 4 Jim Nolan Sydney, NSW, Aus ND Jun 11 the "Amateur" Sydney, NSW, Aus ND 4 Jun 25 Jim Nolan Sydney, NSW, Aus ND 4 Jul 9 Dan Hickey Sydney, NSW, Aus ND 4 Jul 16 Steve O'Donnell Sydney, NSW, Aus ND Aug 6 Tom Taylor Sydney, NSW, Aus ND 4 Sep 24 Jim Nolan Sydney, NSW, Aus KO 1 Oct 1 Steve O'Donnell Sydney, NSW, Aus ND 3 Oct 22 Steve O'Donnell Sydney, NSW, Aus W 3 Nov 26 Stonewall Jack Sydney, NSW, Aus ND 2 Dec 24 Mick Dooley Sydney, NSW, Aus ND 2 1888 Jan 14 Martin "Buffalo" Costello Sydney, NSW, Aus ND 4 Jan 26 Mick Dooley Sydney, NSW, Aus ND 4 Feb 4 Mick Dooley Sydney, NSW, Aus ND 4 Feb 11 Tom Taylor Sydney, NSW, Aus ND 4 Mar 17 Mick Dooley Sydney, NSW, Aus ND 3 Apr 17 Larry Foley Sydney, NSW, Aus ND Jun 20 M.J. Sullivan San Francisco, Ca KO 2 Aug 24 George Godfrey San Francisco, Ca TKO 19 Dec 27 Joe McAuliffe San Francisco, Ca KO 24 1889 Apr 26 Patsy Cardiff San Francisco, Ca TKO 10 May 1 Shorty Kincaid Virginia City, Nv TKO 2 Jul 11 "Sailor" Charles Brown Chicago, Il TKO 4 Jul 25 George Peters Detroit, Mi TKO 3 Jul 29 Billy Baker Buffalo, NY W 4 Jul 30 Tom Lynch Buffalo, NY W D.Q 2 Aug 5 Paddy Brennan Buffalo, NY TKO 1 Aug 8 Billy Baker Hoboken, NJ W 4 Aug 9 James "Ginger" McCormick Hoboken, NJ KO 2 Aug 19 Jack Fallon New York, NY TKO 2 Oct 7 Jack Partridge Westminster, Eng KO 3 Oct 14 Jem Young Westminster, Eng W 4 Oct 15 Alf Mitchell Westminster, Eng W 4 Oct 15 Alf Ball Westminster, Eng TKO 2 Nov 11 Jem Smith London, Eng W D.Q 2 Nov 21 Horace Horrigan Westminster, Eng TKO 2 Nov 23 Charles Burgin Westminster, Eng W 4 Nov 27 Skinner Plymouth, Eng W D.Q 2 Nov 29 Sailor White Portsmouth, Eng TKO 3 Nov 29 Wolf Bendoff Portsmouth, Eng TKO 2 Dec 2 Scotchy Gunn Brighton, Eng W 4 Dec 2 W. Woodhams Brighton, Eng TKO 3 Dec 24 Peter Maher Dublin, Ire KO 2 1890 Feb 20 "Soldier" James Walker Washington, DC KO 1 Mar 4 Jack Fallon Brooklyn, NY KO 2 Mar 5 Gus Lambert Troy, NY ND 4 Apr Dick Keating Louisville, Ky KO 1 May 19 "Denver" Ed Smith Chicago, Il TKO 5 Jul 23 Tom Johnson Marysville, Ca TKO 4 Aug 30 Mick Dooley Newcastle, NSW, Aus ND 4 Sep 2 Mick Dooley Sydney, NSW, Aus ND 4 Sep 6 Jack Burke Wagga Wagga, NSW, Aus ND 4 Sep 8 Martin "Buffalo" Costello Melbourne, Vic, Aus ND 4 Sep 9 Martin "Buffalo" Costello Melbourne, Vic, Aus ND 4 Oct 20 Joe Goddard Melbourne, Vic, Aus D 8 Nov 19 Mick Dooley Sydney, NSW, Aus ND 4 1891 May 21 Jim Corbett San Francisco, Ca D 61 1892 Jan 12 "Captain" James Dalton Chicago, Il KO 3 Jan 12 Jack King Chicago, Il TKO 2 Feb 17 Joe Butler Philadelphia, Pa W 3 May 30 Frank "Paddy" Slavin London, Eng KO 10 Nov 28 Denny Kelliher Philadelphia, Pa W 4 1895 May 29 Gus Wilkie Baltimore, Md ND 6 1898 Mar 22 Jim Jeffries San Francisco, Ca TKOby 3 1899 Aug 24 Jim Jeffords Vancouver, BC, Can KOby 4 Dec 2 Billy Warren Melbourne, Vic, Aus D 25